Paging Dr. Watson

原文: http://ppt.cc/6tIc ; http://ppt.cc/DJC,

 

2011-02-17  中國時報 中廣新聞/夏明珠】

IBM的超級電腦華森,在電腦與人腦的競賽中,為人工智慧再下一城,華森替 IBM賺進七萬七千147美元的獎金,不過IBM創造它,肯定不是為了賺獎金,那麼華森還有哪些能耐?

在益智競賽中,小試身手,只是IBM替華森安排的餘興節目,超級電腦運用的領域,通常都是嚴肅的,像是技術支援中心、醫院、金融避險操作等需要仰賴大量資訊來做決定的工作,比方說,醫學中心可以運用超級電腦,來提升疾病診斷的準確性。疾病的徵狀,會有許多可能性,超級電腦可以快速過濾醫學文獻,幫助醫生做更正確的判斷。

政府機構的超級電腦,多半用來從事大規模試驗、計算以及研究。它還可以用來觀察氣象,預測天氣。

不過創造華森的IBM工程師說,人工智慧研究領域的每一個突破,最該感謝的還是人。人是一種獨一無二的智慧體,人腦內部以及它與我們身體每一個細胞的相互連接性,只能用不可思議來形容,不只如此,它還會隨著語言、社會以及我們週遭發生的一切,一起進化,人就是一台學習的機器,從出生第一天,就不斷的吸取經驗,包括所見、所聞、所感,所有資訊,不斷輸入,至死方休,電腦永遠被人腦所用,這是一個不可能逆轉的關係。

IBM的科學家說,人類永遠也造不出、甚至不敢妄想造出可以像人腦一樣思考的電腦。

The Jeopardy! episodes this week served as a way for IBM to measure its progress in developing technology that would come up with answers to an incredibly wide array of questions covering many topics. IBM wanted to size up Watson’s performance along five metrics, according to David Ferrucci, the IBM researcher who led Watson’s development. These included the ability to respond to a broad and open domain (Jeopardy! questions come from any number of categories), questions formed in complex language with a variety of grammatical structures (often including wordplay that helps make the show more entertaining), high precision (there is a penalty for wrong answers), accurate confidence (betting depends on faith in one’s answer) and high speed (the first player to buzz in gets first crack at answering a question).

size up : to form a judgment of <size up the situation> 考虑或估量

It only took a few seconds for her to size up the situation.
 

Some US manufacturers have been sizing up the UK as a possible market for their clothes…
He spent the evening sizing me up intellectually.
A woman doesn’t size up a man with her eyes but by her sensitive understanding. She pays attention to a man’s character, just as a man does a woman’s appearance.

page : verb to number or mark the pages of; to turn the pages (as of a book or magazine) especially in a steady or haphazard manner

給…標頁碼; 翻閱, 瀏覽
I was paging through a magazine when he came in.

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