[讀書會]week10-單字-iconolast-improvise(Vincent)

1.寫論文好用動詞  (Reporting Verbs):

  illuminate

to make clear :
ELUCIDATE 闡明;啟發
This text illuminates the philosopher's early thinking.
(這篇課文解釋了這位哲學家的早期思想。)
I thought he wrote an excellent memo that illuminated all of
the difficult issues that we need to address on this project.
(clarified, elucidated)


elaborate
to expand
something in
detail 詳盡闡述
<would you care to elaborate on that statement>
He said he had new evidence, but refused to elaborate any
further.
McDonald refused to elaborate on his reasons for resigning.


elucidate
to give a
clarifying
explanation 闡明;說明
The notes helped to elucidate the most difficult parts of the
text. (這些註釋有助於弄清文中最難懂的部分。)
When asked for details, he declined to elucidate further.
Their objectives and methods require further elucidation.
(他們的目標和方法都需要進一步闡明。)


explicate
to explain an
idea in detail
解釋;辯明;
闡述
We shall have to explicate its basic assumptions before we
can assess its implications.
The jury listened to his impassioned explication of article
306.
Artists are increasingly aware of the need to explicate their
work. (New York Times Sep 17, 2010)


expound
explain or talk
about
something in
detail
解釋;詳細
述說
Political news gets old really fast when you have to listen to
pundits expound about the shortcomings of their opposing
political party. (discuss in detail, explain)
The professor decided to expound on the underlying
message of the book for the entire 50-minute lecture.
(discuss, explain)


expatiate
to speak or
write at length
or in detail 細說;詳述
If you ask this professor a question, he will expatiate on the
topic until you'll wish you hadn't asked. (elaborate,
expound)
The naturalist is known for her willingness to expatiate on
any number of issues relating to wildlife and the
environment.

*Illuminate and elucidate are synonymous in the context 
 of making something complicated more clear. Both words
 are derived from Latin words that mean "light." 
 Think, "shedding light on an issue," so that it is easier 
 to see and understand. Both words are good, although 
 elucidate may be a little more sophisticated.

*Expound is derived from Old French espondre and from 
 Latin exponere, “to explain.” Expound is a more 
 succinct and sophisticated way of saying "explain in detail."
 Expound is similar in meaning to expatiate.

*Expatiate can be a negative term used to describe someone who 
 belabors a point by going on and on about it. You wouldn't say, 
 "I can expatiate further." Instead, you would probably say, 
 "I can expound (explain in detail) on the subject further." 
 Expatiate is more of a negative description, but not always, 
 for someone being long-winded in their speaking and writing, 
 while expound is used to describe a detailed description or 
 explanation. The difference is in the details!

 

2.與宗教有關的字彙:

   icon|ocla|st 

(n.)破壞偶像者: Upon further review of Leonardo Da Vinci's 
work, you see he was somewhat of an iconoclast
who questioned the church's teachings within his religious 
paintings. (heretic, dissident, nonconformist)


icon|ocla|sm
(n.)破壞偶像: Iconoclasm is the deliberate destruction 
of religious icons and other symbols or monuments,
usually for religious or political motives.


icon|ocla|stic
(adj.)破壞偶像的: Is it utopian to hope that 
such iconoclastic ideas will gain ground?


idol|atry (n.)偶像崇拜
Islamic law generally opposes any depiction 
of the prophet, even favorable, for fear it could 
lead to idolatry. (New York Times Sep 17, 2010)


idol|ize (v.)偶像化
She blindly idolized her older sister, refusing 
to acknowledge her considerable faults.


idol|atrous (adj.)偶像崇拜的
This custom survived until the latter half of 
the seventeenth century, when it was denounced 
as idolatrous.
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