紅寶書A開頭的一些字

abet [ə’bet](v.)1. 教唆, 唆使; 煽動 2. 幫助; 支持

1 : to actively second and encourage (as an activity or plan) : FORWARD
2 : to assist or support in the achievement of a purpose <abetted the thief in his getaway>
synonyms see INCITE

If one person abets another, they help or encourage them to do something criminal or wrong. Abet is often used in the legal expression `aid and abet‘. (LEGAL FORMAL)
His wife was sentenced to seven years imprisonment for aiding and abetting him

His accountant had aided and abetted him in the fraud.
He was abetted in the deception by his wife. 他行騙是受了妻子的慫恿。

ablution [əbˈluʃən]  (n.)【宗】沐浴(儀式), 洗手(儀式), 洗禮

Ablution is part of some religious ceremonies.
I must just perform my ablutions (= wash myself)!

a : the washing of one’s body or part of it (as in a religious rite) b plural : the act or action of bathing

 

abominate /əˈbɒmɪneɪt/(v.)厭惡, 痛恨

: to hate or loathe intensely : ABHOR
synonyms see HATE

Abominate comes from the Latin verb abominari, which comes from ab-, meaning “away from,” and omin, meaning “omen.” You might consider something you abominate –– the sound of nails on a chalkboard, for many –– to be as thoroughly bad as a bad omen itself. You avoid that sound at all costs, the way some people avoid a black cat crossing the street.

When you abominate something, you really, really hate it. You might abominate your curfew, or the substitute teacher for your math class. Picture a preacher telling you to “Abominate sin!"

 

abrade [ə’breɪd](v.)擦掉; 擦傷; 磨損

1 a : to rub or wear away especially by friction : ERODE b : to irritate or roughen by rubbing
2 : to wear down in spirit : IRRITATE, WEARY

My skin was abraded and very tender.

Sally used a pumice stone to abrade the dead skin off her right foot.

Sanding is a good way to abrade rough spots off a piece of furniture before applying the finish.

Grinding wheels are used to abrade metal objects.

【类】abraded : frictionvaporized : heatdesiccated : dehydration

被磨损因为摩擦=被蒸发因为热=被弄干因为脱水

 

abreast [ə’brest](adv.)(朝同一方向)並列,並排(一顆奶不好,要兩顆並排)

A police car drew abreast of us and signalled us to stop.

一輛警車開過來與我們並列,示意我們停下來。

Keeping abreast of developments in the crisis allowed the Police Chief to act appropriately when the opportunity arose. (informed, up to date)adjective

With so many news web sites on the internet, it is much easier to keep abreast of current events. (apprised) adverb

Although their cubicles were abreast of each other, Gina and Gary hardly ever talked. (adjacent) adjective

Please keep me abreast of the latest information. (informed, apprised)adjective

Idiom:
keep abreast of something
  • to make sure that you know all the most recent facts about a subject
     瞭解最新情況;跟上(某事物的發展)
    • It is almost impossible to keep abreast of all the latest developments in computing.
      要跟上計算機領域所有最新的發展幾乎不可能。

1 describes two or more people who are next to each other and moving in the same direction:
We were running/cycling two abreast.
The motorcyclist came abreast of her car and shouted abuse at her.

 

absenteeism /ˌæbsənˈtiːɪzəm/ (n.)曠課; 曠工(absent+ee+ism)

The high rate of absenteeism is costing the company a lot of money.

Hundreds of millions of viewers are expected to watch the match on television, with absenteeism at work likely to reach record highs.

Time Mar 30, 2011

At schools in the city and across the United States, chronic absenteeism is affecting performance, particularly among children from poor families.

New York Times Mar 25, 2011

 

 

abut [ə’bʌt](v.)鄰接; 毗連; 緊靠(一個但是)

If a building or area of land abuts on something, it is next to it or touches it on one side:
Mexico abuts (on) some of the richest parts of the United States.
Their house abutted (onto) the police station.

His land abuts onto a road. 他的土地緊靠公路。

When something borders something else, it is said to abut it. The term is often used in real estate to refer to a lot line. Wouldn’t it be nice to have your back yard abut a forest preserve or park?

 

acerbic /ə’sɝbɪk/ (adj.)1. 辛辣的; 苦澀的 2. (語言或態度)尖刻的, 尖酸的

(宏碁是苦澀刻薄的)

The letter was written in her usual acerbic style. 這封信是用她慣常的尖刻語調寫的。

sour or astringent in taste: Lemon juice is acerbic.

It is fitting that the first part of acerbic sounds like the first part of “acid," because the Latin source of acerbic is acerbus, “sour-tasting." Acerbic speech is like acid, because it is sour and corrodes, or weakens, relationships. There are ways to use sharp words for humor, and some comedians are known for their acerbic wit," but just as you would take safety precautions in using acid in a science lab, you should be cautious using acerbic in conversation.

 

acquiesce [‚ækwɪ’es](v.)默認; 默許; 默從(好大一隻河蟹啊!!)

Steve seemed to acquiesce in the decision
When her mother suggested that she stay, Alice willingly acquiesced.
= submit

to accept or agree to something, often unwillingly:
Reluctantly, he acquiesced to/in the plans.

Senior government figures must have acquiesced in the cover-up.

政府高級官員必然已經默許掩蓋真相。(和諧–>河蟹)

I hoped my boss would acquiesce to my request for an extended vacation. (agree, consent)

There was a nod of acquiescence from the board members as the CEO outlined his plan for the coming year. (agreement, compliance) noun

She acquiesced to his request for a second date. (agreed, conceded)

He reluctantly acquiesced to the Vice President’s recommendation. (agreed)

 

addendum [ə’dendəm](n.)1. 補遺; 追加 2. 補篇; 附錄 3. 附加物

When you make an addendum to a document, you are adding text to the end.Addenda tend to be serious business as they’re added to contracts, reports, and studies.

【类】addendum : documentpostscript : letter 附录是附加的文件 = 附言是附加的信件

 

adobe [ə’dəʊbɪ](n.)泥磚;黏土(Foxit比Adobe好用啦)

affiliate [ə’fɪlɪeɪt](v.)發生聯繫, 參加;使隸屬於

Tips: Affiliate can be used as a verb as well as a noun, denoting a person or organization affiliated with another. The word is pronounced differently, depending on the use: as a verb, the second “a" is long, and as a noun, affiliate is pronounced with a short second “a." The adjective affiliated means “associated with."

Usage Examples:

She got her start with the small radio station affiliated with the university. (associated) adjective

The company used the party as an opportunity to affiliate with its partners and investors. (connect, associate) verb

You can earn bonus mileage points when you stay at a hotel that is affiliated with the airline with which you have your frequent flyer program. (allied, partnered) adjective

Our new company affiliate can go far in helping us drive traffic to our web site through their members. (partner, branch, associate) noun

 

albeit /ɔl’biɪt/(conj.)儘管, 雖然(看過托福117分的高手作文用這個字)

He finally agreed, albeit reluctantly, to help us. 儘管勉強,他最後還是同意幫助我們。

Even though; although; notwithstanding:

即使;虽然;尽管:
clear albeit cold weather.
虽然天冷但仍很晴朗

used to add information that reduces the force or importance of what you have just said
= although
He accepted the job, albeit with some hesitation.
Chris went with her, albeit reluctantly.

 

 

amortize /’æmɚˈtaɪz/(v.)分期償還(債務等)

A mortgage is usually amortized over a period of 5 to 30 years, with 30 being the most common term.

An automobile purchased for business use must be amortized over 5 to 7 years rather than taken as a single deduction all at once.

The loan will be amortized over 25 years.

The value of the machinery is amortized over its estimated useful life.

Business expenses had to be amortized over a 60 month period.
= pay off

 

annals / `ænlz /(n.)編年史

His deeds went down in the annals of British history. 他的事跡已載入英國編年史。

used in the title of academic journals (用於學術雜誌的名稱)年報,年鑒

Annals of Science, vol viii 《科學年報》卷八

【类】dictionary : alphabeticalannals : chronological

字典按照字母顺序编 = 编年史是按照时代顺序编

 

annexation [ˌænɛkˈseʃən] (n.)附加; 合併; 併吞

The annexation of the Republic of Texas by the United States took place in 1845.

德克薩斯共和國於一八四五年被併入美國版圖。

Under international law the area is occupied territory and the international community does not recognise Israel’s annexation of East Jerusalem.

BBC Apr 26, 2010

 

apocalyptic [ə‚pɒkə’lɪptɪk] (adj.)【宗】啟示的, 天啟的

  • adjective
    • describing very serious damage and destruction in past or future events
      描述(歷史)大動亂的;預示(未來)大災變的
      • an apocalyptic view of history
        對歷史抱極其悲觀的觀點
      • apocalyptic warnings of the end of society
        對社會末日駭人聽聞的預警
    • like the end of the world
      似末世的;像世界末日的
      • an apocalyptic scene
        末世景象

warning people about terrible events that will happen in the future

The novel presents us with an apocalyptic vision of the future

connected with the final destruction and end of the world, or with any great destruction

Before them was an apocalyptic landscape of burnt villages and bomb craters.

The base word of apocalypticapocalypse, means “ultimate doom." This scenario is most famously described in the Bible’s Book of Revelation, but the concept is used in reference to many extreme catastrophes. For example, the devastating conditions left behind after a hurricane or tornado has hit an area can be said to be apocalyptic. Often, this adjective is used for exaggeration, so you could also use apocalyptic to describe the bad haircut you just got.

 

asphyxiate [əs’fɪksɪeɪt](v.)使窒息; 悶死

He was asphyxiated by the smoke. 煙使他窒息。

asphyxiating gases 窒息性毒氣

[VERB] usu passive, be V-ed
If someone is asphyxiated, they die or lose consciousness because they are unable to breathe properly.
Three people were asphyxiated in the crush for last week’s train…
= suffocate
asphyxiation [N-UNCOUNT]
A post mortem examination found that she died from asphyxiation.

She is murdered by the bizarre expedient of painting her naked body head to toe with gold paint – thereby supposedly asphyxiating her.

BBC Feb 27, 2010

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本篇發表於 GRE/TOEFL/IELTS/TOEIC/GEPT, GRE與托福學術英文字彙精進, 新聞英文, 中英翻譯 並標籤為 , , , , , , , 。將永久鏈結加入書籤。

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