態度

aloof [ə’luːf] (adj.)遠離的;冷漠的, 不關心的

removed or distant either physically or emotionally

He seemed aloof and detached. = distant

If someone stays aloof from something, they do not become involved with it. (FORMAL)

The Government is keeping aloof from the controversy.

altruistic [ˌæltrʊˈɪstɪk] (adj.)利他的<—> egoistic

Tips: Altruistic is derived from the French altruisme, from autrui, which means “other people." (autre) So, when you are altruistic, you are giving to other people–you are committing a selfless act. The noun altruism is the act of kindness or generosity.

It was part of her altruistic nature to be a volunteer and give money to charitable organizations. (kind, selfless)

_____

apathy [‘æpəθɪ] (n.)無感情;無興趣, 冷淡;  漠不關心

She heard the story with apathy. 她無動於衷地聽了這個故事。

My parents do not feel apathy about the election. 我父母對此次選舉並非漠不關心。

antipathy /æn’tɪpəθɪ/ (n,)反感, 厭惡

He felt a strong antipathy towards them. 他對他們非常反感。

_____

aplomb [ə’plɒm] (n.)【法】沈著; 泰然自若

with considerable/great/remarkable aplomb  相當的/十分的/非凡的鎮定

Ms. Sharpe handled their questions with great aplomb.

Rosalind conducted the meeting with characteristic aplomb/with her usual aplomb.

He delivered the speech with his usual aplomb. 他以慣常的沉着語氣作了演講。

composure [kəm’pəʊʒə] (n.)平靜, 鎮靜, 沈著

I didn’t want to lose my composure in front of her.

Carter looked stunned, but he soon regained his composure.

The widow broke down in tears, but her daughters maintained their composure.

equanimity [‚ekwə’nɪmətɪ] (n.)平靜; 鎮定

He received the news of his mother’s death with remarkable equanimity.

Three years after the tragedy she has only just begun to regain her equanimity.

imperturbability [ˈɪmpɚˌtɝbəˈbɪlətɪ] (n.)沈著; 冷靜

nonchalance [ˈnɑnʃələns] (n.)漠不關心, 冷淡, 若無其事

She shrugged, feigning nonchalance.

Beth greeted the news of Amy’s marrying her old boyfriend, John, with nonchalance.

There was an air of nonchalance on the face of the killer as he mowed down the nest of termites with his spray gun. [Syn. equanimity]

poise [pɔɪz] (n.)鎮定,  鎮靜; 自信 Etymology: from Old French pois weight, from Latin pēnsum, from pendere to weigh

His performance was full of maturity and poise. 他的表現成熟而穩健。

He looked embarrassed for a moment, then quickly regained his poise.

Her confidence and poise show that she is a top model.

It took a moment for Mark to recover his poise.

練習

______ 1. aplomb          (a) complete and confident composure or self-assurance : POISE

______ 2. nonchalance  (b) casual lack of concern

______ 3. altruistic         (c) unselfish regard for or devotion to the welfare of others

4. He accepted their problems with c                e and she with e                y.

5. If you’re calm while singing the national anthem in front of thirty million people, you’ve got a lot of p            e.

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