The Academic Word List (AWL)

這是一份學術英文字彙參考表, 可以用來檢視自己是否全部的字都能使用(其中許多是大學指考7000字的範圍).

The Academic Word List (AWL) was developed by Averil Coxhead as her MA thesis at the School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. The list contains 570 word families which were selected according to principles. The list does not include words that are in the most frequent 2000 words of English. The AWL was primarily made so that it could be used by teachers as part of a programme preparing learners for tertiary level study or used by students working alone to learn the words most needed to study at tertiary institutions. The Academic Word List replaces the University Word List.

For detail on the development and evaluation of the AWL, see Coxhead, Averil (2000) A New Academic Word List. TESOL Quarterly, 34(2): 213-238.

暗黑連結(請開燈): http://goo.gl/WFQMV

Download AWL Sublist Familieshttp://goo.gl/fCzcS

 

Each word in italics is the most frequently occurring member of the word family in the Academic Corpus.  For example, analysis is the most common form of the word family analyse.  British and American spelling is included in the word families, so contextualise and contextualize are both included in the family context.

Sublist 1 contains the most common words in the AWL. Sublist 2 contains the next most common words, and so on. There are 60 families in each sublist, except for sublist 10 which has 30.

Sublist 1 of the Academic Word List

analyse

  •         analysed
  •         analyser
  •         analysers
  •         analyses
  •         analysing
  •         analysis
  •         analyst
  •         analysts
  •         analytic
  •         analytical
  •         analytically
  •         analyze
  •         analyzed
  •         analyzes
  •         analyzing

approach

  •         approachable
  •         approached
  •         approaches
  •         approaching
  •         unapproachable

area

  •         areas

assess

  •         assessable
  •         assessed
  •         assesses
  •         assessing
  •         assessment
  •         assessments
  •         reassess
  •         reassessed
  •         reassessing
  •         reassessment
  •         unassessed

assume

  •         assumed
  •         assumes
  •         assuming
  •         assumption
  •         assumptions

authority

  •         authoritative
  •         authorities

 

available

  •         availability
  •         unavailable

benefit

  •         beneficial
  •         beneficiary
  •         beneficiaries
  •         benefited
  •         benefiting
  •         benefits

concept

  •         conception
  •         concepts
  •         conceptual
  •         conceptualisation
  •         conceptualise
  •         conceptualised
  •         conceptualises
  •         conceptualising
  •         conceptually

consist

  •         consisted
  •         consistency
  •         consistent
  •         consistently
  •         consisting
  •         consists
  •         inconsistencies
  •         inconsistency
  •         inconsistent

constitute

  •         constituencies
  •         constituency
  •         constituent
  •         constituents
  •         constituted
  •         constitutes
  •         constituting
  •         constitution
  •         constitutions
  •         constitutional
  •         constitutionally
  •         constitutive
  •         unconstitutional

context

  •         contexts
  •         contextual
  •         contextualise
  •         contextualised
  •         contextualising
  •         uncontextualised
  •         contextualize
  •         contextualized
  •         contextualizing
  •         uncontextualized

contract

  •         contracted
  •         contracting
  •         contractor
  •         contractors
  •         contracts

create

  •         created
  •         creates
  •         creating
  •         creation
  •         creations
  •         creative
  •         creatively
  •         creativity
  •         creator
  •         creators
  •         recreate
  •         recreated
  •         recreates
  •         recreating

data

define

  •         definable
  •         defined
  •         defines
  •         defining
  •         definition
  •         definitions
  •         redefine
  •         redefined
  •         redefines
  •         redefining
  •         undefined

derive

  •         derivation
  •         derivations
  •         derivative
  •         derivatives
  •         derived
  •         derives
  •         deriving

distribute

  •         distributed
  •         distributing
  •         distribution
  •         distributional
  •         distributions
  •         distributive
  •         distributor
  •         distributors
  •         redistribute
  •         redistributed
  •         redistributes
  •         redistributing
  •         redistribution

economy

  •         economic
  •         economical
  •         economically
  •         economics
  •         economies
  •         economist
  •         economists
  •         uneconomical

environment

  •         environmental
  •         environmentalist
  •         environmentalists
  •         environmentally
  •         environments

establish

  •         disestablish
  •         disestablished
  •         disestablishes
  •         disestablishing
  •         disestablishment
  •         established
  •         establishes
  •         establishing
  •         establishment
  •         establishments

estimate

  •         estimated
  •         estimates
  •         estimating
  •         estimation
  •         estimations
  •         over‑estimate
  •         overestimate
  •         overestimated
  •         overestimates
  •         overestimating
  •         underestimate
  •         underestimated
  •         underestimates
  •         underestimating

evident

  •         evidenced
  •         evidence
  •         evidential
  •         evidently

export

  •         exported
  •         exporter
  •         exporters
  •         exporting
  •         exports

factor

  •         factored
  •         factoring
  •         factors

finance

  •         financed
  •         finances
  •         financial
  •         financially
  •         financier
  •         financiers
  •         financing

formula

  •         formulae
  •         formulas
  •         formulate
  •         formulated
  •         formulating
  •         formulation
  •         formulations
  •         reformulate
  •         reformulated
  •         reformulating
  •         reformulation
  •         reformulations

function

  •         functional
  •         functionally
  •         functioned
  •         functioning
  •         functions

identify

  •         identifiable
  •         identification
  •         identified
  •         identifies
  •         identifying
  •         identities
  •         identity
  •         unidentifiable

income

  •         incomes

indicate

  •         indicated
  •         indicates
  •         indicating
  •         indication
  •         indications
  •         indicative
  •         indicator
  •         indicators

individual 

  •         individualised
  •         individuality
  •         individualism
  •         individualist
  •         individualists
  •         individualistic
  •         individually
  •         individuals

interpret

  •         interpretation
  •         interpretations
  •         interpretative
  •         interpreted
  •         interpreting
  •         interpretive
  •         interprets
  •         misinterpret
  •         misinterpretation
  •         misinterpretations
  •         misinterpreted
  •         misinterpreting
  •         misinterprets
  •         reinterpret
  •         reinterpreted
  •         reinterprets
  •         reinterpreting
  •         reinterpretation
  •         reinterpretations

involve

  •         involved
  •         involvement
  •         involves
  •         involving
  •         uninvolved

issue

  •         issued
  •         issues
  •         issuing

labour

  •         labor
  •         labored
  •         labors
  •         laboured
  •         labouring
  •         labours

legal

  •         illegal
  •         illegality
  •         illegally
  •         legality
  •         legally

legislate

  •         legislated
  •         legislates
  •         legislating
  •         legislation
  •         legislative
  •         legislator
  •         legislators
  •         legislature

major

  •         majorities
  •         majority

method

  •         methodical
  •         methodological
  •         methodologies
  •         methodology
  •         methods

occur

  •         occurred
  •         occurrence
  •         occurrences
  •         occurring
  •         occurs
  •         reoccur
  •         reoccurred
  •         reoccurring
  •         reoccurs

percent

  •         percentage
  •         percentages

period

  •         periodic
  •         periodical
  •         periodically
  •         periodicals
  •         periods

policy

  •         policies

principle

  •         principled
  •         principles
  •         unprincipled

proceed

  •         procedural
  •         procedure
  •         procedures
  •         proceeded
  •         proceeding
  •         proceedings
  •         proceeds

process

  •         processed
  •         processes
  •         processing

require

  •         required
  •         requirement
  •         requirements
  •         requires
  •         requiring

research

  •         researched
  •         researcher
  •         researchers
  •         researches
  •         researching

respond

  •         responded
  •         respondent
  •         respondents
  •         responding
  •         responds
  •         response
  •         responses
  •         responsive
  •         responsiveness
  •         unresponsive

role

  •         roles

section

  •         sectioned
  •         sectioning
  •         sections

sector

  •         sectors

significant

  •         insignificant
  •         insignificantly
  •          significance
  •         significantly
  •         signified
  •         signifies
  •         signify
  •         signifying

similar

  •         dissimilar
  •         similarities
  •         similarity
  •         similarly

source

  •         sourced
  •         sources
  •         sourcing

specific

  •         specifically
  •         specification
  •         specifications
  •         specificity
  •         specifics

structure

  •         restructure
  •         restructured
  •         restructures
  •         restructuring
  •         structural
  •         structurally
  •         structured
  •         structures
  •         structuring
  •         unstructured

theory

  •         theoretical
  •         theoretically
  •         theories
  •         theorist
  •         theorists

vary

  •         invariable
  •         invariably
  •         variability
  •         variable
  •         variables
  •         variably
  •         variance
  •         variant
  •         variants
  •         variation
  •         variations
  •         varied
  •         varies
  •         varying

感想: 讀學術文章的時候如果遇到這些字, 應該都看得懂, 知道意思, 因為幾乎都是高中單字或是唸大學期間常遇到的單字. 這個詞表主要功能是讓我們瞭解常見的學術字彙有多少變形, 也就是經過inflection和derivative兩種構詞方式(Morphology)後可能出現的變形有多少種, 各位可以利用此表檢視自己是否熟悉各種變形.

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